Multiple windows in Robot Framework

In Testing, it is essential to understand how to interact with the browser and locate the DOM elements. It is easy to handle windows with Robot Framework. In this blog, we will learn about how to handle windows using the selenium library. 

To handle windows there are a few commands provided by the selenium library in this blog we will discuss- 

  • Project setup  
  • Getting titles, names, and identifiers of window 
  • Set and get window positions 
  • Switching windows 

Project setup for textbox:

Firstly, we must install all prerequisite libraries in our project (for more info about prerequisites you can visit- https://www.neovasolutions.com/2022/07/21/robot-framework-automation-using-selenium-and-python/

After this, we can check our libraries by pip list command, or we can check manually also 

File > settings > project: robot-automation > python interpreter 

Project setup

After verifying the prerequisite part create a file workingwithwindow.robot in the TestCases directory. 

— go to the new file > give a name of with .robot >Enter 

Project file
New file

Keywords: 

  • Get Window Handles Returns all child windows from the browser as a list. 
  • Get Window IdentifiersReturn and log id attribute of windows from browser 
  • Get Window Names Return and log the name of windows from the browser 
  • Get Window Titles Return and log titles of windows from browser 
  • Set Window PositionSets the windows position on x, y coordinate. 
  • Get Window PositionReturns windows positions 
  • Set Window SizeSets window size 
  • Get Window SizeReturns window size 
  • Switch WindowSwitch to window browser matching locator 
  • Close WindowClose the window from browser 

Now let us write a test case for a better understanding of windows Keywords. 

TestCase: 

Step1: Go to https://demo.automationtesting.in/Windows.html

Step2: Click on the button which will open a new window. 

Step3: Get window titles, names, and identifiers. 

Step4: Set window position-100, 300 

Step5: Set window size- 800, 600 

Step6: Switch the window and close it. 

*** Settings ***
Library    SeleniumLibrary
*** Variables ***
*** Test Cases ***
WindowsTab
    open browser     http://demo.automationtesting.in/Windows.html   chrome
    maximize browser window
    wait until element is visible   xpath:(//button[@class='btn btn-info'])[1]
    click element    xpath:(//button[@class='btn btn-info'])[1]
    @{WindowHandles}=   get window handles
    sleep    4s
    @{WindowIdentifier}=    get window identifiers
    sleep    4s
    @{WindowsNames}=    get window names
    sleep   4s
    @{WindowsTitle}=    get window titles
    sleep    4s
    set window position    100  300
    ${x}  ${y}=       get window position
    log    ${x}
    log    ${y}
    sleep    4
    set window size    800  600
    ${width}     ${height}=     get window size
    log     ${width}
    log    ${height}
    sleep    4
    switch window    title=Frames & windows
    sleep    4s
    switch window      title=Selenium
    close window
*** Keywords ***

***Settings*** – To work with robot framework keywords we need to import the selenium library in the settings section because all these keywords are built in the selenium library-  

Library SeleniumLibrary 

Similarly, we can import other libraries, resource files, and variable files as per our project requirement in this section. 

***Variables***– This section contains the defined variables that are used commonly, here we declared variables of browser and URL so we can reuse these variables.

${url} ${browser}

In the same way, we can create more variables like this according to the requirement of the project. 

***Test Cases***- 

Windows in robot framework code

Code Explanation: 

The first step in this test is to visit the URL  https://demo.automationtesting.in/Register.html in Chrome. We have already set up variables for this. Then we gave a name to our test HandlingAlerts. Open Browser * This keyword opens a specific browser for the given URL and maximize browser window for maximizing the current browser window. Now we have one other keyword to wait for, wait until element is visible by this keyword test will not run until the element of the locator is not visible.

Now by the keywords of get window handles, get window identifiers, get window names, get window titles we can get names, titles, identifiers, and here we are storing these in a variable ${windowshandle}, ${windowsidentifiers}, ${windowsnames}, ${windowstitles}. 

After this, our next keyword is to set the window position at 100x and 300y and after setting this we can get the window position too after storing in a variable by get window position keyword. 

Similarly, we can set window size by set window size keyword 800 width and 600 height we can also get these by get window size keyword. 

Now for closing the window we must identify windows with their titles. Switch window keyword works for switching the window and it identifies by the title and then close the specific window.

Execution: 

To execute the testcase we need to use the command on terminal: 

Execution command

After execution, we should get the result as a pass.

Pass result

Report: 

Windows in robot framework report
Windows in robot framework log

Conclusion: 

In this Blog, we learned how to handle windows using the Selenium library in the Robot Framework. With the keywords provided by the robot framework and the library imported, we can set or get window position, name, title, and identifiers.