Today every application relies on APIs. That is why it is crucial to thoroughly verify APIs before rolling out the product because it is one of the layers of the testing pyramid. API testing can be done in multiple ways using different open-source frameworks, tools & libraries for API testing.
In this blog, we are covering API testing libraries with their HTTP response and comparison between them.
HTTP relies on concepts like resources and Uniform Resource identifiers (URIs), simple message structure, and client communication flow. HTTP has their response code like (200- ok, 404- not found) and methods like Get, Put, Post, Patch, etc.
In this blog, we are covering three libraries – Supertest, Axios, and Request.
|Latest Version||0.27.2, MIT||6.2.4, MIT||2.88.2, Apache 2 (deprecated)|
|Dependencies||Follow-redirects, From-data||Methods, superagent||From-data, extend|
|DevDependencies||Mocha, Typescript, karma-chrome-launcher||Express, mocha, should||Json-stringify-safe, qs|
|frameworks||Mocha, jest, jasmine||Mocha, jest, jasmine||mocha|
|CI/CD Integration||Circle CI, Jenkins||Circle CI||Circle CI|
|Testing of XML & Json-based web services||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|SOAP APIs||possible||Possible after sending XML file as a post request||possible|
|Alternatives||Node-cache, methods||Truffle, puppeteer||Postman-request, fetch-to-curl|
|useability||Quite tricky to use||Fluent API||Simple to use API, fast & reliable|
|promise||Promised based||Promised based||Not promised-based|
|vulnerabilities||Incorrect comparison in Axios, Denial of service in Axios, Server-side request forgery in Axios||No vulnerabilities||Remote memory exposure on request|
|Community support||Maximus users & high support||good||Low support|
|Global request setup||Yes||Yes||Yes|
- It is isomorphic which means it can run on both the browser and NodeJS with the same codebase.
- Axios can be easily installed therefore providing an easy-to-use API in a compact package for most of your HTTP communication needs.
- Due to the large volume of users, it provides high community support.
- Axios is lightweight and based on Promise API.
- Error handling is quite easy.
- In the case of small Projects, with just a few simple API calls Axios is not a feasible/ideal solution, instead fetch can be used.
- It has a fluent API.
- It makes HTTP assertions easy.
- It can integrate nicely with other testing frameworks.
- SuperTest is that it can run tests without any additional tools.
- Supertest is excellent for implementing test assertions for HTTP API systems for both REST and GraphQL-based backend middleware.
- Can be mixed with different testing suites like Chai.js and Mocha.
- Old-style callbacks are also supported.
- It does not work on browsers.
- Poor Documentation.
- For finding bugs at an early stage of software development, API testing using the Request JS module is an efficient tool for fast and reliable performance.
- Can be used with different testing frameworks like Chai and Mocha.
- We can easily stream the response to the file stream.
- It provides custom HTTP headers.
- The API is currently depreciated and for that reason, no future updates are possible.
- The community support for this API is low compared to other testing tools.
A quick comparison:
This comparison is based on the last 1-year downloads of these libraries and stats:
We compared the most popular HTTP libraries in this blog. Now the question arises which one should I use? So, the choice depends on the project’s requirements, and we can select from this comparison which is perfect for our requirements.